The Miami Bulletin
Published Monthly by Miami University
<And Entered at Postoffice, Oxford ', Ohio> as Second Class Mail Matter.
The Annual Report
The President of the University
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
Twelfth of June
Nineteen Hundred Six.
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President of Miami University
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
JUNE 12, 1906.
1905 -President's Report-1906
To the Honorable and Reverend, the Trustees of Miami University:
The eighty-second academic year of Miami University opened
September, 20th, 1905. The attendance for the first week was 394.
For the Fall term, the enrollment by Departments was as follows :
Normal School 119
College of Liberal Arts 194
The enrollment by classes for the three terms of the college
year to date is as follows :
First Year 24
Second Year 38
Third Year 46
College of Education 13
College of Liberal Arts.
Graduate Students 2
Tins makes for us a grand total of five hundred and fourteen
different students enrolled in all departments of the University
from the twentieth of last September to this date.
The catalogue year extends from the first of March, 1905, to
the first of March, 1906. The total enrollment as shown by the
last catalogue for the catalogue year was 991 as against 724 the
preceding year, making an increase of 267.
The Faculty members were all in their places and college
exercises began promptly at the appointed time. The new members
of our educational staff have thrown themselves into the work of
the institution with the characteristic Miami spirit, and have been
invaluable co-workers in the class room, on committees, in the
University Senate, in the several Faculties and in all lines of our
The character of our student body, I am happy to report, has
been far above the average. I doubt if there is any institution,
north, south, east or west, that has had 500 young men and young
women of higher moral ideals and life than have been gathered
this year as students in the halls of our historic institution.
Oxford, in many ways, is an ideal location for a college such
as ours. It is near enough to the city to reiap all the real
advantages of city life and far enough removed therefrom to be
free from its vicious influences. There are some disadvantages,
however, in our location that cannot be overlooked. We rejoice,
for many reasons, in our proximity to Oxford College and the
Western College. The social life of the three academic communis
closely related, and has its advantages. There are disad-
vantages, however, connected with student life in Miami University
because of our nearness to those two excellent colleges for
women. The entertainments of our own institution are enough
to provide our students with all that they need in this line to
supplement their- regular college work. Multiplying our own en-
tertainments and attractions by three, we often have a surfeit of
the good things of life The young women of the other institu-
tions are attractive and agreeable, but, without any question,
do, t<> some extent, interfere with the efficiency of the
'I of our students in the class room. I am persuaded
thai an agreement among the three institutions as to the number
of entertainments open to our students is an arrangement thai,
• be vmv boos entered into by those in authority.
Notwithstanding the diverting influences, which arc not to
be condemned per se, I am able to roporj to you thai, the scholar-
p of our students, according to the records, is improving. Our
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
efficient Registrar, Prof. Raymond M. Hughes, has devised a
system of reports and cheeks which keeps us very thoroughly
informed concerning the work of our students and enables us to
hold them more rigidly to their college obligations than we have
been able to do in the past. There is no question but that Miami
University must insist upon the highest quality of scholarship
if it is to maintain its rank in the educational world and if
it is to continue to have its work accepted by the professional
and graduate schools as they have been accepting it in the past.
The past year has been a very strenuous one for your Presi-
dent. It is amusing now to think how unsophisticated I was the
first of Januaiy. It was in my plan to go to Columbus for two
or three days, meet the members of the Finance Committee of
the House of Representatives, make the requests for our needed
appropriations and return to my duties at home, leaving the
legislative solons to do the rest. These plans, however, were
made without reckoning on any opposition. Miami University,
however, awoke toward the middle of January, to a realization
of the fact that it had one of the most relentless enemies on its
trail that ever pursued any institution of higher learning. Ohio
State University, jealous of our rapid growth and development,
resolved to check that growth and development by an effective
The Lybarger bill, so called from the name of its author, was
introduced into the House of Representatives toward the middle
of January. The provisions of this bill contemplated the destruc-
tion of our college of Liberal Arts and the confinement of our
field to that of Normal School work only. The legislation pro-
posed by this bill was not prohibitive in letter, but it would
have proven so in fact had it finally been enacted into law. To
cut off all our appropriations from the State for the support of the
College of Liberal Arts, as was proposed by the Lybarger bill,
would certainly have meant the practical obliteration of this, the
oldest and most famous department of our work. When the dan-
ger became known to our Alumni and Trustees, they came unitedly
to the defense of the institution and the Lybarger bill went down to
ignominious defeat. It was conceived in jealousy, bprn in malice
and died in dishonor. It is but fair to say that many of the
influential friends of Ohio State University were not in sympathy
with this movement looking toward the crippling of the work
at Miami University at Oxford and Ohio University at Athens.
A few of the professors in that institution were the instigators of
the entire movement. By some strange logic, they had led them-
selves to the conclusion that the prosperity of the two older in-
stitutions, in some way, interfered to prevent an increase of their
salaries, This, I think, was the animus of the whole movement.
Never for one moment during the entire winter did Miami Univer-
sity seek to advance its own interests by the attempted destruction
of other institutions. We have rejoiced in all the good things that
have come to Ohio State University and have entertained, at all
times, only the best wishes for its growth and development.
It is well known to members of this body that, ever since 1896,
Miami University has received its support under an Act which
provided for the establishment of the "Ohio and Miami Univer-
sity Fund." By the provisions of this law, a tax was levied on
the grand duplicate of the taxable property of the State of Ohio
to the amount of three-hundredths (.03) of a mill, five-twelfths
(5-12) of the amount realized on this tax, going to the support of
Miami University, and seven-twelfths (7-12) to Ohio University.
By ilie Act of 1902, known as the Seese bill, which provided for
the establishment of the Ohio State Normal Schools at Miami
University and at Ohio University, another three-hundredths (.03)
of a mill was levied to be divided in the same ratio. This made a
total of six-hundredths (.06) of a mill to be levied for the support
of the two institutions, five-twelfths (5-12) of the total going to
Miami University and seven-twelfths (7-12) to Ohio University.
was a universal feeling that this was an unjust division.
I think even the friends of Ohio University at Athens felt that,
in justice, they had no right to claim a larger sum from this levy
than was given to us.
Previous to the recent session of the Legislature, however,
impossible to make any change in this law. After
ilie abortive attempl of the opposition f<> strike down the College
of Libera] Arts ;ii Miami University and Ohio University, the
friends of the two institutions fell that the time had come to
mm! their info gainsl a future attack of (his kind.
Accordingly, Senate Bill No. 85, by Mr, Sites, was introduced into
the Senate in early February. According to the provisions of
this measure, the levies tor Ohio State University, Cor Ohio [Jni-
y and for Miami University wore placed in one Act. By
this measure, it wslb our though! thai Ohio State University, no
i parate enactment, bul with its income
guaranteed in the same Ael thai provided for the other two insti-
tution*, il would he quite impossible !'<>)• the friends of that insti-
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
fcution to make an attack on our interests such as was included in
the Lybarger bill. By the provisions of the Sites bill, Ohio State
University was to be given fifteen-hundredths (.15) of a mill an-
nually for its support and Miami University and Ohio University
were each to be given four-hundredths (.04) of a mill. We were
very anxious to see this bill 'enacted into law because of the fact
that it would make for peace among* the three institutions, thus
guarding against another such unseemly educational controversy
as was witnessed at Columbus during the past winter, and for
which Miami University was in no way responsible.
In the second place, it was our thought that it would place
Miami University and Ohio University on a level of equality, and
finally it would have meant an increase in our support of one and
one half hundredths (.015) of a mill, and would have relieved us
from the necessity of calling upon the Legislature for additional
appropriations each biennium in the general appropriation bills.
Just prior to the introduction of the Sites bill in the Senate, Mr.
Eagleson in the House introduced House Bill No. 45. This mea-
sure simply provided for a levy of fifteen-hundredths (.15) of a
mill for Ohio State University. When it came to the Senate,
the Sites bill was substituted therefor, and passed the Senate
by a vote of thirty to four. This bill reached the House on a
certain Friday morning, when many of our friends were absent,
and was indefinitely postponed. According to the rules of the
House, a bill once indefinitely postponed cannot be reconsidered
during that session of the General Assembly. The next step
of our friends in the Senate was to amend the Eagleson bill, so as
to include in it all the substantial provisions of the Sites bill.
The House refused to concur in its amendments; the Senate in-
sisted upon their amendments, and the result was a committee
of conference, consisting on the part of the House of Messrs.
Eagleson, Metzger and Baldwin, and on the part of the Senate
of Senators Sites, Huffman and Rathburn. The conference com-
mittee succeeded in agreeing upon a substitute for the Eagleson
bill which was adopted unanimously in the Senate and with but
a few dissenting votes in the House.
The measure as finally enacted into law is as follows:
"Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio:
Section 1. Inasmuch as it is deemed desirable at this time
for the State of Ohio to determine the policy of the State in
regard to its support of institutions of higher learning, and fur-
ther desirable that the State adopt a policy in regard to the
support of universities and colleges to the end that there shall
be a distinct and fixed policy in regard to universities and colleges
and to the end that for all time to come the policy of the State
with reference to the Ohio State University, the Miami University
and the Ohio University may be determined and made definite,
and to the end that the State of Ohio may build up one university
worthy of the State, as now begun at the Ohio State University,
and at the same time to fix such a policy as shall provide for
the support of the said Miami and Ohio Universities as Colleges
of Liberal Arts, which shall not include technical or graduate in-
struction, aside from the usual graduate work for the degree of
Master of Arts, and to determine definitely and for all time to
come that the Miami University and the Ohio University shall be
no greater charge on the State of Ohio so far as university pur-
poses are concerned than provided for in this Act; therefore this
Act is passed to set forth the policy, to-wit: that in the future
no representative of the Miami University or of the Ohio Univer-
sity or of the Ohio State University shall violate or attempt to
violate this policy herein enacted into law as a policy for the
support of higher education and as a guide for future General
Assembles of the State of Ohio.
Section 2. For the purpose of affording support to the Miami
University, there shall be levied annually a tax on the grand list
of the taxable property 'of the State of Ohio, which tax shall be
collected in the same manner as other State taxes and the pro-
ceeds of which shall constitute "The Miami University Fund. ,,
The rate of such levy shall be two and one-half one-hundredths
(.025) of one mill upon each dollar of valuation of such taxable
property. The moneys raised by means of said levy, or its equiv-
alent in money in case the levy shall be abolished, shall be the
sum total received either from the proceeds of the levy or from
appropriations for the support of the College of Liberal Arts, and
shall he used Tor the purposes only as set forth in Section 1 of
this Act, and hereafter this Levy shall not be increased, but this
shall not be so construed as to prevent such appropriations by the
General Assembly from time to time as may be necessary For ap-
paratus for university purposes, exclusive of buildings. Providing
othing herein shall invalidate any appropriation Eor the
1906 and L907 .
Section 3. For the purpose of affording supporl to the Ohio
University, there shall be levied annually a lax on the grand list
of the taxable property of the Stale of Ohio, which shall be col-
lected in the same manner as other state taxes and the proceeds of
which shall constitute "The Ohio University Fund." The rate
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
of such levy shall be two and one-half one-hundredths (.025) of
one mill upon each dollar of valuation of such taxable property.
The moneys raised by means of said levy, or its 'equivalent in
money, in case the levy shall be abolished, shall be the sum total
received either from the proceeds of the levy or from appropria-
tions for the support of the College of Liberal Arts, and shall be
u*od for the purposes only as set forth in Section 1 of this Act,
and hereafter this levy shall not be increased, but this shall not
be so construed as to prevent such appropriations by the General
Assembly from time to time as may be necessary for apparatus
for university purposes, exclusive of building's. Provided that
nothing herein shall invalidate any appropriation for the years
1906 and 1907.
Section 4. For the purpose of affording support to the State
Normal School or College, in connection with the Ohio University,
there shall be levied annually a tax on the grand list of taxable
property of the State of Ohio, which shall be collected in the
same manner as other state taxes and the proceeds of which shall
constitute "The Ohio Normal School Fund." The rate of such
levy shall be one and one-half one-hundredths (.015) of one mill
upon each dollar of valuation of such taxable property, unless
otherwise designated by the General Assembly of the State of
Ohio; provided, that nothing in this section shall be construed as
preventing said normal school from securing such additional ap-
propriations as the General Assembly may in its wisdom deem
fit to make from time to time for the support, maintenance and
equipment of said normal school.
Section 5. For the purpose of affording support to the State
Normal School or College, in connection with the Miami Univer-
sity, there shall be levied annually a tax on the grand list of the
taxable property of the State of Ohio, which shall be collected in
the same manner as other state taxes and the proceeds of which
shall constitute "The Miami Normal School Fund." The rate of
such levy shall be one one-hundredth (.01) of one mill upon each
dollar of valuation of such taxable property, unless otherwise
designated by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio; provided
that nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing said
normal school from securing such additional appropriations as
the General Assembly in its wisdom may deem fit to make from
time to time for the support, maintenance and equipment of said
Section 6. No moneys derived under the levies provided for
in Sections 2, 3, 4, and 5 of this Act shall be expended by the
Miami University or the Ohio University for maintaining or giving
instruction in any other courses of study than in Liberal Arts and
in the Normal School or College branches.
Section 7. For the purpose of affording free the advantages
to the youth of the State of a higher, technical, liberal, profession-
al, agricultural, graduate and industrial education, including man-
ual training, there shall be levied annually a tax on the grand list
of the taxable property of the State, which shall be collected in
the same manner as other state taxes and the proceeds of which
shall constitute "The Ohio State University Fund." There shall
be levied annually for the said purpose sixteen one-hundredths
(.16) of one mill upon each dollar of valuation of such taxable
property, or its equivalent in money should said levy be abolished;
provided that nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent
said Ohio State University from securing any appropriations that
the General Assembly in its wisdom may see fit to grant for the
purposes as herein set forth. Provided, that the Ohio State Uni-
versity shall never maintain a normal school, but may establish
a teachers' college of professional grade; provided that nothing
in this section shall prevent the board of trustees from charging
incidental expense fees and also reasonable tuition fees for pro-
fessional education. Any appropriations made by the 77th Gen-
eral Assembly for Ohio State University shall not 'be invalidated
by any provisions of this Act.
Section 8. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as prevent-
ing the boards of trustees of the Ohio State University, the Miami
University, the Ohio University or the State Normal Schools at
the Ohio University or at the Miami University from charging
reasonable tuition for the attendance of pupils of any of said in-
stitutions of learning from students who are non-residents of the
State of Ohio.
Section 0. The expenditure of all moneys under the provi-
of this Aci or for the purposes of carrying out the provisions
of this Act raised or secured from any source whatsoever, shall be
subject to ili«- inspection of the State Bureau of Public Account-
the cosl of same to he paid by the University or college
inspected al the COSi as now provided by law.
Section 10. Thai sections 3951a and 3951b of the Revised
Statutes of Ohio and Sections 3, 4, 5 and of an act entitled "An
acl to establish normal schools ;ii Ohio University ai Athens and at
Miami University ;it Oxford, and to provide for the appointment
commission to investigate and repori upon the need and advis-
ability of the fiitmv establishment by the State of one or more
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
additional normal schools and to consider in what manner and to
what extent existing educational institutions 'other than those now
supported by the State can be made more active in the better
training of persons for service in the public schools passed March
12, 1902, be and the same are "hereby repealed."
It will be observed that, after all, Miami University failed to
secure that which w r as most desired by its friends, namely, a
tax levy equal to that for Ohio University. We did, however,
accomplish our purpose of bringing Ohio State University into the
same law with the other two institutions, thus precluding the
possibility of future conflicts among the institutions. No unfavor-
able comparisons of any kind can now be instituted by those who
appear as enemies under the guise 'of friendship.
It was unfortunate that the funds for the support of the
Normal school and the 'College of 'Liberal Arts should be divided.
We have ia total increase, however, of one hundredth (.01) of a mill
for support. In addressing myself a little later in -this report to
the work of t'he College of Liberal Arts and the Normal 'School,
each under its separate topic, I stall have more to say on this
subject of support for the respective institutions.
In 'addition i<o this legislation', we are granted for the coming
year an 'appropriation of $40,000 for maintenance and $25,000 for a
central beating plant. For the fiscal year of 1907-08, we 'have
$65,000 for the erection of a college auditorium. By taction of this
Board at its special meeting the 18th of last April, .a Special
Building Committee was appointed, which has in <charge t'he matter
of employing architects and -engineers for these new buildings,
This Committee will have a report to make to this body somewhat
later in the session.
On the whole, we are safe in saying that Miami University has
been given, by recent legislative enactment, a recognition of its
claims such as it has never had before. Its future is secure. If
there are certain provisions in t'he new law which are not altogether
satisfactory, there is nothing to prevent us from requesting some
fuiture legislature to make such modifications as may be in our
interest. 'The main point was to 'Commit the State, by definite
action, to our support and this we have done.
Before leaving this general subject of legislation 1 , I desire to
make acknowledgment of my indebtedness to the members of our
Alumni, 'to the legislative Committee of this Board, and to each
particular member of the Board for wise counsel and, valuable
assistance rendered during the recent legislative session. The
institution is especially indebted 'to Hon. Isaac E. Huffman^ the
Senator from this District, and to Hon. R. M. Billingslea, the
Representative from Butler County. Hon. Andrew L. Harris, of
the 'Class of I860, in his position of Lieutenant Governor, was a
itower of strength to us in our righteous cause, and he was supported
by the great majority of the 'Senators, over whose deliberations be
presided. It would he impossible to name the individual members
of the House and 'Senate to whom we are indebted, but their names
'are deeplj- imprinted in our memories, iand I believe entered to their
credit in the records on High.
The past of 'Miami is secure. A look to the future may now not
be out of place. It rests upon those of us in authority to preserve
all the sacred traditions of the past while, at the same time, we
keep our institution in the vanguard of educational progress.
It would be unnecessary repetition to call attention to the fact
that we are to have new buildings, namely, the heating plant and
auditorium. It may not be amiss, however, to say that both these
buildings will supply a long felt need. By reason of lack of storage
capacity we have 'been placed at a great disadvantage in purchasing
our fuel and many times, during the severest winter weather, we
have been face to face with the possibility of having to quit woriv
'because of ina'bility to secure the coal needed to keep our various
antiquated heating plants in operation. It is to he hoped that the
new building® will 'be located in such a way as to reduce the smoke
nuisance to the minimum and, at the same time, to add to the
appearance of our grounds and increase our heating and lighting
i lilies with a general reduction in the running expenses of the
inst il ulion.
We have need of a college (auditorium in Oxford that will be
ample to meei the requirements of lectures, concerts, ■commence-
ments and other academic Function®. It is to he hoped that the
Building Committee and me Architects will bear in mind that, Lo
whatever oilier- uses this building may be put, the main
object of its erection isfor a place of assembly. We ought
be able \<> secure a building that would be an ornament to our
Campus end in harmony with its academic surroundings.
A little more than a year ago, Hon, Andrew Carnegie offered
to give as $40,000 tor a college library on condition What we secure
0,000 from other sources for its permanent support. There has
hr.cn ,in-ii a demand upon the lime of Hmse who were expected to
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
de volte themselves to the work of meeting this condition that the
library matter 'has not been pushed as we wish it might. At the last
annual meeting" of your Board, we had about $12,000 of the $40,000
in guaranteed subscriptions. Since then until the first of May, little
•had been added to -this 'amount. On the fourth of May, Hon.
Whitelaw Reid, of the 'Class of 1856, mailed to us his cheek for
$5000 to be applied on the Library fund, offering it as a memorial
of ithe fiftieth anniversary of his graduation. This action gave the
movement an impetus and since that time the following amounts
have 'been received :
Students of Miami University $4800.00
'Alumni and other friends $4000.00
Bringing the total up to $26800.00. The most crying need of our
college to-day is adequate library facilities, and it is earnestly
hoped that this building may 'be speedily erected. We have 21,000
volumes in our library now, comprising one of the best collections
of college books in the State of Ohio. These books are piled
together where they are not easy of classification or access in a
room tnait is far from fire proof. As a matter of increased efficiency
and for preservation, the friends of the institution should see to it
that we meet the requirements of Mr. Carnegie, and have a building
in every way suitable for library purposes.
The Main Building, Brice Hall, Hepburn Hall and the Gymna-
sium, are in fairly good condition. The two Dormitories for Men,
however, are badly in need of repairs. 'The interior of each of
these buildings should be 'thoroughly worked over, new floors and
stairs put in and made otherwise inhabitable. We cannot expect
the studentis who room in these buildings to have pride in the
•cleanliness of their rooms when the buildings do not admit of it.
Last year the advisability of furnishing complete the rooms in the
Men's Dormitories was suggested. No action was taken on this
'suggestion, and I, therefore, now renew it. In order to provide for
the young ladies of the Normal School and of the College of Liberal
Arts, better facilities should be furnished for them in the Gymna-
sium. 'The whole north side of the first floor of the Gymnasium,
should be fitted up with shower baths, closets, dressing rooms, etc.
for the accommodation of the young women. A swimming pool in
the basement of this building should also be built at the earliest
We have great pride in our surroundings, and believe that good
housekeeping and good yardkeeping have their places in college
discipline. For the past three years, it has been the earnest
endeavor of those in authority, by the use of lawn mowers, by
rolling, sodding and sowing, to make the Campus as attractive as
possible. The work speaks for itself, and I believe will commend
itself to your favor. At the special meeting of your body in April,
a Committee was appointed to co-operate with the Committee or.
Buildings and Grounds from the University Senate, and to make a
recommendation as to the building of new walks, drives, proper
entrances, etc. It is hoped that that Committee will be ready some
time during this session to make definite recommendations.
As is well known, our University System at the present time
consists of the Academy, with its three year course preparatory to
college, the Normal School, with its two year course for the prepar-
ation of elementary teachers, the College of Education, with its
four year course for the training of secondary teachers, and the
College of Liberal Arts, with its four year course in general culture.
Owing to changed conditions and recent legislation, some changes
and readjustments will be necessary to our classification of
There was a time when there was need for a preparatory school
in connection with Miami University. That need, to some extent,
- ; 11 exist. The rapid multiplication of the township and village
eity high schools, however, has, in a measure, obviated the
demand for preparatory work in connection with Miami University.
Southwestern Ohio and Southeastern Indiana are well provided with
and second grade high schools, so that a continuation of our
preparatory work seems somewhat in the nature of an infringement
upon the rights of the secondary schools. I, therefore, recommend a
gradual abandonment of our Academy work. J suggest that no
studei ieived the coming year in the first year of Academy
work. Beginning with the college year of L907, we should refuse
inn t<> any second year Academy students, and beginning with
< Academy should have passed entirely out of existence as
such. 1 U wUi enaMe as t<> k<'<-p faith with those students who
enrolled with as in the Academy. FV)r Hhe coming
Force of teachers for the Academy will })<• required
as previously employed, but, thereafter, even though we may deed,
increased demands in the College of Liberal Arts and the
ool, a greater number oi than arc now em-
ill not be needed lor service in preparatory lines.
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
The wisdom of abandoning all preparatory work may be questioned
on account of the fact tiiat many who desire to enter Hhe
of the Norma] School are not graduates of higlh schools, and. I
fore, no; prepared to take up the work of the 'Normal School, which,
in its beginning, is equal to Freshman requirements. Personally. I
have been in doubt as to the proper course to pursue in this matter.
At times, it has seemed to me that we ought to provide for some
work preparatory to the Normal School. A: ether limes, I have
felt that it was better to cut off all preparatory work, not making
an exception of those who are looking" to teaching as a profession.
I think, at the present time, that I am of the last named opinion.
• the highest grade of Normal work, it is absolutely necessary
that we afford those preparing 1 for teaching ample training school
facilities. Owing to the fact that Oxford is a email town, we are
limited, because of lack of a sufficient number of children, in the
opportunities we are able to offer in this line. It would seem to me,
therefore, that if we are to make a strong two year Normal course
and require college entrance therefor, we would send out to the
schools of Ohio in our Normal School graduates a few of the very
best class of teachers and these would be a leavening influence in
the entire educational body of the state. This matter can be held
in abeyance for the present, however. Dean Minnich of the Normal
School and your President have had a number of conferen.
the subject, and I do not know that we are. either of us, yet ready
to announce definite conclusions. When we are ready to report,
we shall agree, as we always do, and make a recommendation to
this body, which we shall ask you to adopt.
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION.
With the beginning of our Normal School work in the Autumn
of 1902, a four years' course for secondary teachers was provided,
known as the Normal College. This Department has since received
the name of College of Education. We have no apology to offer for
i s staJblishment. The work of training teachers under the direc-
tion of the State of Ohio has been something of an experiment,
and it was necessary for us to reach some conclusions by experi-
ence. There really has never been any legislative authority for this
College of Education, and yet the term Normal School is a large
one, and the authorities felt fully justified in making it one of the
features of our work. It was very evident, however, in the di
sions that arose in connection with recent legislation, that we were
led as transcending our authority in maintaining this College
of Education. I believe that we are bound, in all honor, to abandon
this four years' course, known as the College of Education. We are
not, however be deprived of the advantages afforded by this college.
It is possible for us, b} T the addition of groups and 'courses in the
College of Liberal Arts to offer electives whic'h will enable those
who have finished the two year Normal course or who are in the
College of Liberal Arts to prepare themselves, under the direction
of the specialists in the Normal School, for successful professional
careers as teachers in secondary schools.
The greatest regret I have felt, in connection with the recent
legislative action, was 'the fact that tlhe levy for the support of the
Normal School instead of being increased a quarter of a 'hundredth
of a mill, as we bad all the time planned, was, in the last moments
of the Conference Committee's work, reduced a quarter of a hun-
dredth, making a total levy of one one-hundred tlh- (.01) of a mill
for 'the support of Normal School work. We are fortunate, how-
ever, in having an additional appropriation for maintenance which
will enable us to add to the teaching force of the Normal 'School,
and to increase its efficiency in every way. There need be no
crippling of this work, but, on the contrary, it -can be increased in
its effectiveness. Even thoug'b 'the levy lhas been reduced for its
<iij>l>ort, a close reading of the new law will reveal the fact that we
have unlimited privileges in the matter of asking additional appro-
priations for Normal School support. At the next session of the
legislature, we should ask f&r $12,000 or $15,000 in addition to the
amount granted by the levy. If the Normal 'School is to accomplish
ite mission to the schools of Ohio, it Should have a far better equip-
ment ami greater facilities than it now enjoys. We must ask the
Genera] Assemlbly in tine Legislative session of 1908 to appropriate
;ii leasl $75,000 for the erection and equipment of a Normal School
building. We nrasl have practice, recitation and assembly rooms
lor the students of the Norma] Sdhool, a Department of Domestic
Science mii.-l he csi aid isiied and our Manual Training facilities
■ y increased.
For i he ooming year, ii is quite essentia] thai some additions
ide to the teaching Force in the Normal School. It is recom-
i [nstructor in History be employed bo work, under.
the direction of the Dean of the Norma] School, and the Head of
i ,. Departmeni of History, who is, ai present, the President of tlhe
Dniver Lty tbe entire time "I* this instructor to be devoted to the
teaching of tformft] School History.
Prof. Par] er, of the Department of Education, and Prof. Hoke,
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
of the Department of Natural History, request leave of absence for
study the coming year. I recommend that they 'be granted leave of
absence, without pay, and I shall later make recommendations as
to their substitutes for the coming year.
COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS.
•The 'College of Liberal Arts is the most ancient and honorable
department of our institutional work. By recent legislation, the
levy for its support has been increased one hundred per cent, that
is from one and one-quarter hundredths (.0125) of a mill to two and
one-half hundredths (.025). It must continue to be essentially a four
years' course, offering the largest possible incentive to broad schol-
arship and general culture. While it does -all this, it must give the
necessary preparatory training for professional and graduate work
and to secondary teachers the pedagogical training as before out-
lined. We are forever prohibited, (according to the recent legisla-
tive enactment, from asking appropriations for Ibuildings and sup-
port in 'addition to the amount realized under the levy, but we are
permitted to seek appropriations', as demand may arise, for physical
apparatus. I believe, with the amount realized from' a constantly
increasing levy, from our lands and from incidental fees, that we
shall find the 'College of Liberal 'Arts 'continuing to maintain the
enviable position in the 'college world that it has held for nearly a
It is quite necessary in certain Departments of work to provide
assistant professors. There is so great a demand for German that
it is absolutely impossible for the Head of that Department to do
the elementary work demanded and, at the same time, to take care
of his advanced classes. The same thing is true in the Department
of Chemistry. I recommend that assistant professors be employed
in each of these Departments. There is almost as great a need for
assistants in the Department of iSociology and Economics and in
English. I commend the necessities of these last named Depart-
ments to your thoughtful consideration.
On the eighth of last July, Prof. Arthur W. James, Ph. D., for
■a number of years the efficient 'Head of our Department of German,
offered his resignation to the President of the University. This
resignation will, in due time, be presented to this body for action.
In resigning Doctor James definitely stpujated that he might desire
to become a candidate, at the next regular meeting of the Board of
Trustees, for his old position. 'This resignation, coming as it did
after the annual Board meeting, made it necessary for the Advisory
'Committee of the Board of Trustees to act. Prof. Charles Hart
Haiidschin, Ph. J)., of the University of Wisconsin, was appointed
by the Advisory Committee, on the recommendation of the Presi-
dent, to the professorship in German Language and Literature. He
has filled the place to the entire satisfaction of all concerned and
now, that Doctor James has definitely decided not to return to
college work, I shall recommend that Doctor Handschin 'be elected
as his permanent successor.
The Summer Session of the University is increasingly popular
and is meeting the demands of the teachers of Ohio as well as the
demands of many others w'ho want to pursue college and. normal
school work during the regular vacation season. Last Summer,
owing to the untiring work of Dean Minnich and his associates in
advertising, we had an attendance of 524, 'the largest Summer
School in the history of the institution. We do both college and
normal work during the summer, and the various members of our
[Faculties are looking forward with anticipations to another success-
ful Summer Session beginning next week.
The encouragement given by the Board of 'Trustees and by
lln!). T. R. Kumler, in the generous prizes he has offered, has
given new impetus to the very important work of our Literary
)\ ies, and they have been more prosperous during the past year
than they have been at any other time in recent years. An intercol-
legiate debate with DePauw University was held in May. Unfortu-
nately, tfh-e representatives of Miami were defeated, but the incen-
,o lit< rary society endeavor abides.
Lasi year, a greal deal o(£ the annua] report of the President
was devoted i<> ;i discussion of Athletics. I am pleased to be able
.) distin-cl advance in the mora] conceptions of our stu-
i lated i<» i !iis very important feature of our college work.
Throughout the entire -country, the colleges have been putting Forth
earnesl eflfori to reform Athletics, and the prospects are
• Cor aecompli^hnienj in this direction. Our Cool-hall team
record with bona 6de students last Autumn than ii
did in the two preceding years with the assistance of those who
primarily for college work. In baseball, the record
are concerned ii no! one of which we can boast.
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
There are greater things, however, than victory and it is pleasing
to know that, though we have of times been defeated, we have
deserved to be victorious. The Annual Track meet with the Uni-
versity of Cincinnati occurred at the 'Miami Athletic Park the 12th
of May, and resulted in a victory of 38 to 14 in favor of Miami.
Miami University is now associated with the eleven other leading
colleges of the State in an Athletic 'Conference and also belongs to
the Intercollegiate Athletic Conference of America. Under the
direction of Prof. Stone, the athletic ideals have constantly
advanced, and the .prospects for the future are very bright.
It may he interesting to you to know that in Mr. John Markley,
of Georgetown, Ohio, a member o l f our incoming Senior Class, Miami
University has the champion one hundred yard runner of tire world.
Better than all, let it be said that Mr. Markley is not an athlete at
the expense of his other college work.
Words are utterly inadequate to express my great satisfaction
with the work done by the Young Men's Christian Association and
the Young Women's Christian Association during the past year.
The earnest young men and women of these organizations are
among the hest of our student 'body as to scholarship and their
influence along moral 'and religious lines is, therefore, of the
strongest. All the encouragement that this Board can give to these
organizations in their laudable work, they should receive.
The 'building and opening of Hepburn Hall has enabled us to
put before the young women, who have come to us as students,
ideals that were before impossible. I cannot recommend too
strongly the splendid influences exerted 'by Dean Hamilton in the
efficient service she has rendered during her first year as Dean of
Women. A standard of culture and morality has heen set before
the students in the home life, given them under her leadership and
with the assistance of Mrs. Tudor, the capable Matron of Hepburn
Hall, that will count much for the future in the lives of the young
women who have been enrolled as students at "Old Miami n during
the past year. We need even now another Dormitory for tae accom-
modation of the young ladies who come to us seeking admission to
the various departments of our college life.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SPEAKING.
For the first time, Miami University is able to boast of a
Department of Public Speaking worthy of the name. Prof. Arthur
Loren Gates, a graduate of North western' University and of the
Cumnock School of Oratory, practically inaugurated the work in
this Department, and has elevated it to the dignity of 'a Depart-
ment that will command the respect of educators throughout the
State. It is proposed, during the -coming years, to offer courses in
argmentation and in dramatics and to continue the work of inter-
pretation on lines that have 'been so successful in other institutions.
The courses of study were so thoroughly and completely revised
a year ago that very few changes have been necessary during the
past year. Our group system is working well, and, with some modi-
fications, I 'am persuaded w T ill meet the demands of the students
who come to us.
There are those who seem to think that the recent legislation
prevents the establishment of other departments of work other
than those now maintained, namely, the Normal 'School, the College
of Liberal Arts, and tOie Academy. I do not so interpret the new
law. It is prohibitive of other departments so far 'as State appro-
priations are concerned, but there is nothing to prevent the Alumni
or friends of higher education from making liberal 'contributions
for the foundation of schools of engineering, or commerce or of a
professional or graduate character, provided 'they see fit to make
their donation to Miami University. I commend this field as one
that is attractive to men and women of means.
A few general rc'commendations are now in order. A n umbo J'
of our building's have been appropriately named. 'The 'Science Hail
bears the name of Senator Bricc, the Woman's Dormitory, that of
Senior member of the University Senate, Professor Andrew 1).
Hepburn, LL. D., and the Gymnasium I hat of the honored President
of Ijfae Board of Trustees. I do not believe that we should give to
the M^n's Dormitories any oilier names than those by which they
e been known during eighty years. The North Dormitory and
the South/ Dormitory will mean more to the returning graduates
any new names could possibly convey. I suggest that it would
be proper to find some other n.inie I'm- our chief building than that
of "The Main Building,'' 'by which it is now known. College Hall
• be an appropriate i ii le to give to il.
The new Auditorium should have ;i name and 1 respectfully
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
recommend that these matters be given consideration before your
I suggest, too, that the Alumni Association might be made of
greater service to the institution, and means should be devised to
encourage its development as an effective 'factor in extending the
work of the institution. I recommend the employment of a held
'and alumni secretary who shall devote his time entirely to arousing
•the Alumni to action 1 and in working up sentiment and in securing
the outside support that Ave should have.
Our incidental fee is now $5.00. I recommend that, for the
sake of augmenting our income, it he increased to 'begin with the
year 1907 to $10.00 per term; for each student enrolled. Charging
even this much, our fees will be lower than those of nearly every
other institution in the State. The new law puts no restriction
upon us in the matter of tuition.
Our Commencement conflicts with that of the Western College,
and I recommend that hereafter, instead of occurring on the second
'Thursday in June, it he fixed for the third Thursday.
In 'conclusion, I desire to record my debt of obligation to my
immediate associates in institutional work. The University Senate
has been ;a harmonious foody, 'and we have worked together with
becoming zeal and harmony for the development of the institution
along all rational lines. I am indebted also to the Board of Trus-
tees for the generous (support they have given to me in the work of
'administration and for the respectful treatment 'accorded to all
my recommendations. I am debtor to the citizens of Oxford and to
the students for many kindly offices and to the school men,
preachers and other 'citizens of Ohio for the many opportunities
afforded to present the claims of the institution.
The 'best expression of gratitude I can make to all concerned
is a renewed pledge of fidelity to all that concerns the welfare of
our beloved institution.
GUY POTTER BENTON, D.D., L.L.D.,
President of Miami University.
Oxford, Ohio, June 12, 1906.
THE LIBRW (IF Til*
viMR *5 1931
EfiSifY OF IUWOIS.